COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (STOCKBRIDGE SCHOOL)

STOCKSCH 101
Insects and Related Forms
With lab. Introduction to insect recognition, development, damage, and control. Seven-week course; first 7 weeks of the semester.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 104
Plant Nutrients
Functions of mineral nutrients in plants, effects of mineral deficiencies, and sources of these nutrients to prevent or alleviate deficiencies in crop production. Seven-week course; first 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 105
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 105
Soils (BS)

With lab. Interrelationship of soils and higher plants. Physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. Practical approach to current problems through basic soil principles.
Prerequisite: some knowledge of chemistry
4 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 107
Turfgrass Insects
Principles and practical methods of controlling turf insect pests.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 101 (may be taken concurrently)
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 108
Introductory Botany

With lab. This introductory botany course covers the unique features of plants, how they function, how they are categorized, and how they fit into the ecosystem. Topics include classification of plants, analysis of cell structure and various plant tissues and organs, and study of sexual and asexual reproduction as well as structure and function of plant systems. In addition, students will develop a basic understanding of the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 109
Insects of Ornamentals

With lab. The recognition, biology, and control of major insect and mite pests attacking shade trees and woody ornamentals in the northeastern U.S. Emphasis on techniques and knowledge useful to the professional in tree care.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 101
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 111
Horticultural Plant Pathology
Applied introduction to plant pathology in horticultural crops. Identification,description, and management of diseases in modern horticultural production. Chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic controls and their integration. Seven-week course; first 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 112
Turfgrass Pathology Lab
Diagnosis and management of turfgrass diseases. Diagnosis techniques and appropriate cultural, chemical, genetic, and biological management strategies. Seven-week course; last 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 111; Turfgrass Management majors only
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 113
Horticulture Pathology Lab

With lab. A field laboratory on the diagnosis and management of the health problems of woody plants. Students learn to recognize the major plant diseases of trees and shrubs using plant materials on campus. Disease management options presented on an individual basis in a clinical context.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 111
2 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 115
Environmental Biology (SI)

Introduction to understanding the biological and physical relationships among plants, soils, and the environment. Exploring how various human activities affect the environment with specific attention to plant and soil resources. Topics include: ecosystem sustainability; food and agriculture (and related issues of biotechnology, food access, and pest management); soil and its preservation; wetlands, water pollution and treatment technologies, and resource conservation.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 117
Agricultural Chemistry

An introductory course that satisfies the chemistry requirement for the Sustainable Food and Farming major but not the physical science General Education requirement. Topics include matter and energy, chemical bonding and reactions, moles, gaseous and aqueous chemistry and more. Taught in the context of applied agricultural systems.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 120
Organic Farming and Gardening (BS)
Introduction to principles of soil fertility and crop management by organic procedures that are contrasted and evaluated against conventional chemical methods of farming.
4 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 121
Equine Anatomy & Physiology
With lab. Integration of gross structural and organ anatomy to physiological systems, function, and regulation. Emphasis on relationship of structure to function and system control in both animals and humans.
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 131
Fundamental Stable Management I

First in a four course equine management series. Introduction to understanding the financial responsibilities and fundamental practices of a commercial and professional equine riding, training and instruction facility.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 140
Plagues: The Ecology of Disease (BS)

The ecology of major human, plant and animal diseases from the Black Plague to the Irish Potato Blight to AIDS. How microbes, people and other organisms interact in a changing environment, leading to new threats and controls for disease.
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 155
Special Problems in Riding

Introduction to riding theory and the training scale for basic and advanced training of horse and rider in various disciplines.
Prerequisites: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor; $800 riding fee payable by money order only
1 credit/both sem

STOCKSCH 161
Equine Care Techniques

An introduction to the theory, technique and practice of skills required as an equine care technician to prepare horses for daily work, competition, and formal turnout/presentation. Wide range of horses, including foals, yearlings, two-year olds, broodmares, stallions, and equitation horses. Emphasis on sound business management practices, including record keeping, horse sales, personal safety, and professionalism.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 170
Pesticide Certification

Independent preparation for the state pesticide certification exam and licensure. The State Pesticide Exam Study Manual is used and available for purchase either online or at the UMass Extension Bookstore. Exams are given at various times throughout the state. Students must apply to take the exam; applications must be submitted by the deadline date (one week prior to the exam). Refer to www.mass.gov/agr/pesticides or call 617-626-1785 for dates of Massachusetts exams.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1 credit/both sem

STOCKSCH 182
Principles of Pesticide Management

Topics include state and federal pesticide laws and regulations, pesticides and the environment, handling and storage of pesticides, classes and formulations of pesticides, safety and application equipment, understanding the pesticide label, toxicity, proper calculation and mixing of pesticides, and history of pesticide use. Includes preparation for the Massachusetts Pesticide Core Exam.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 190A
Introduction to Sustainable Food and Farming

Highly interactive and participatory introduction to the field of Sustainable Food and Farming focused on academic preparation and possible careers.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Food and Farming majors only or consent of instructor
1 credit/both sem

STOCKSCH 191F
First Year Seminar

An overview course designed to provide students with information, opportunities, and skills to ease their transition into college and build a successful foundation necessary to reach their educational goals.
Prerequisite: Stockbridge freshmen only
1 credit/fall sem

STOCKSCH 196
Independent Study

Independent work related to some area of the plant, soil or insect sciences that requires no prerequisite knowledge or prior course work.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 196E
Independent Study-EQMGT

Independent work with a faculty member related to some area of equine management.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 197A
Backyard Homesteading
Explores home-scale food production with a focus on permaculture, intensive mini-farming and urban homesteading. Integrates research and practical applications to create food systems that have the resiliency of natural ecosystems.
Continuing & Professional Education (CPE). Online class.
3 credits/summer

STOCKSCH 197D
Draft Horse Husbandry I
Students are taught the basics of draft horse husbandry prior to learning skills in working with horses in harness, both on the road and on the farm.
3 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 197G
Introduction to Permaculture

Foundation in permaculture history, ethics, principles, design process, and practical applications, rooted in the observation of natural systems. Students with little or no experience in gardening are welcomed.
3 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 198F
Sustainable Food and Farming Internship

Required of all students majoring in Sustainable Food and Farming. Three-to-five-month internship in the specific field of study. Submission of reports required.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Food and Farming majors only
3-4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 198G
Sustainable Horticulture Internship

Required of all students majoring in Sustainable Horticulture. Three-to-four month internship in the specific field of study. Submission of reports required.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Horticulture majors only
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 198T
Turfgrass Internship

Required of all students majoring in Turfgrass Management. Three-month (June-August) internship in the specific field of study. Submission of reports required.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 230 with minimum grade of “C;” Turfgrass Management majors only
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 198Y
Equine Internship

Required of all students majoring in Equine Management. Practical farm or related business experience in equine industries. Minimum eight-week internship as approved in advance by program director. Written report required.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only
2-3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 200
Plant Propagation

With lab. The basic principles and techniques for propagating plants by both sexual and asexual means, including seeds, cuttings, bulbs, and tissue culture. The hormonal and physiological factors affecting rooting, seed dormancy, grafting, budding, and layering.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 201
Equipment Operations

Introduction to the selection, operation, safety and maintenance of farm tractors and equipment. Lectures and hands-on experience with emphasis on farm machinery used to operate an equine facility.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 203
Fundamental Stable Management II

A continuation of STOCKSCH 131. Topics include equine health, personnel management, time management, client communication, liability, contracts, and insurance information required for successful barn operation.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 131 and STOCKSCH 161; Equine Management majors only
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 211
Pasture Management

With lab. Potential of pasture to provide nutritional needs of livestock and the integration of well-managed pasture systems can contribute significantly to the sustainability of the farm. Major topics include a review of major forage species selection, grazing management, establishment of new pastures, and pasture renovation.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 213
Equine Lecture Series

Introduction to a wide range of professionals within the equine industry (e.g. horse trainers, stable owners, business/investors, researchers, feed companies, and veterinarians). Participation in scheduled lectures given by equine professionals. Lectures will be offered in the evening and will be open to the public. Weekly meetings with the instructor will be required.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 230
Introductory Turfgrass Management

With lab. Basic principles of selecting and managing turfgrass for home lawns, parks, golf courses, and other turf areas. Topics include: climatic adaptation, grass identification, establishment practices, pest control, fertility, environmental stresses, etc.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105 and STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently)
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 231
Equine Nutrition

Principles of nutrition and the development of rations. Emphasis on the nutrient requirements and nutrient content of feeds. 
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 232
Turf Machinery

Principles of engines and machinery operation, maintenance, selection, and minor repair. Turf equipment emphasized. Instruction on how to train operators of equipment. Budgeting for equipment.
Seven-week course; last 7 weeks of the semester.
1 credit/spring sem

STOCKSCH 234
Irrigation and Drainage

Principles of hydraulics and system design for turf and landscapes with an emphasis on golf courses. Irrigation systems, equipment performance, installation practices, operation procedures and troubleshooting. Drainage of sports turf also included.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 235
Pruning Fruit Crops
With lab. Theory and practice of pruning deciduous fruit plants/trees. Emphasis on practical, hands-on experience.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 237
Equine Business

Students will gain a working knowledge of the format, construction, use and analysis of the cash flow statement from which the balance sheet and income statements can be derived. Inputs for income and expense will deal specifically with the equine industry.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 240
Applied Calculations in Turf Management

Calculations involving area and volume measurements, fertilizer and pesticide requirements, cost analysis, seed calculations, irrigation calculations, and calculations relating to spreader and sprayer calibrations.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 230
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 241
Breaking and Training the Horse

Basic training techniques. The methodology and psychology of training horses. Includes halter breaking, lunging, driving, breaking the horse to ride.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 161 and two semesters of Equitation Lessons; Equine Management majors only
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 247
Horse Breeds, Types, and Selection

The history and development of the breeds and their present day type, conformation, and use. Emphasis on the importance of anatomy and conformation and the relationship of form to function. A systematic approach to selection.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 252
Equine Facility Management I

Management and operation of the Stockbridge Stables at the Hadley Farm. Development of cash flow statements, purchasing and ordering of supplies, delegation and supervision of labor, and appropriate client communication. Required weekly meetings and student committee assignments.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 203 and STOCKSCH 237; Equine Management majors only
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 255
Herbaceous Plants

Study and identification of herbaceous plants; their uses as ornamental plants for home, park, and business.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 257
Management of the Equine Athlete

​Focus will be on the care and management of the equine athlete. Conditioning and prevention of injury, common areas of breakdown within different sports, diagnosis of injury/  lameness, as well as different modalities currently available for treatment and rehabilitation.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 260
​Growing Plants Indoors

Introduction to the indoor culture of tropical plants and other species. Artificial lighting, acclimatization, moisture requirements, soils and nutrition, and diagnosing plant problems. Information applicable to professional indoor plant maintenance, retail marketing, and growing plants in the home. Seven-week course; last 7 weeks of the semester.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 265
Sustainable Agriculture
With lab. Exploration of ethical, practical and scientific aspects of agricultural sustainability, including economic, social and environmental impacts of food and farming. Uses systems thinking tools to compare industrial and ecological agriculture.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Food and Farming and Sustainable Horticulture majors only or consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 275
Turfgrass Physiology and Ecology

First half of the semester: an introduction to basic concepts in agricultural chemistry as related to the growth and culture of turf grasses. Second half of the semester: the overall growth and development of grasses, including such areas as soil fertility and mineral nutrition.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 230 with minimum grade of C
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 280
Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants (BS)

With lab. Introduction to the growth, culture, and science related to the production and use of herbs, spices, and medicinal plants. Emphasis on plants used in the home; discussion of bioactivity of plant extracts. Practice in seeding, growing, oil extraction, and utilization of these plants.
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 290AE
Introduction to Teaching Agricultural Education

Methodological insights and understanding for teaching technical subject matter; emphasis on observing programs, developing, conveying, and evaluating agricultural-based curricula.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 290C
Land Use Policies and Sustainable Farming

Exploration of the political, economic and societal forces that influence land use decisions, an understanding of the history of land use policies and planning in the U.S. as they relate to agriculture, a working knowledge of current land use policies and programs tied to agriculture and farming, and an opportunity through case studies to dissect and debate land use issues and conflicts surrounding agriculture.
Continuing & Professional Education (CPE). Online class.
3 credits/summer & fall sem

STOCKSCH 290U
Urban Agriculture

Explores innovative urban farming systems through the evaluation of case studies. Students will practice critical research skills, including information gathering, and data analysis and assessment to learn about the opportunities and challenges associated with contemporary urban farming systems.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 290W
Organic Weed Control

Sustainable Food and Farming students will learn about organic weed control by exploring various systems and approaches to weed management to reduce losses to crop yield and quality.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 296
Independent Study

Sophomore-level educational project with a faculty member related to some area of the equine, food crops, or green industries.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 296E
Independent Study-EQMGT

Sophomore-level independent work related to some area of equine management.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 296T
Stockbridge School Teaching Experience

Students gain experience in teaching introductory level (100-200) courses. Students will be expected to demonstrate specific competencies related to labs and assisting students; lead review sessions; gain experience in all aspects of teaching a Stockbridge School class.
Prerequisites: successful completion of the course and related prerequisites for the course in which the student plans to TA, and consent of instructor
1-2 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 297C
Traditional Herbal Medicine Systems I

An examination of indigenous medicinal systems from around the world (including Ayurvedic, Chinese, African, Middle Eastern, European, Central Asian, Native American and Amazonian). Students will be exposed to the use of medicinal plants in different cultures around the globe. Companion course to STOCKSCH 297F. These courses can be taken in any sequence.
1 credit/fall sem

STOCKSCH 297D
Draft Horse Husbandry II

This course expands on skills learned in the introductory course. Students learn how to use basic implements such as plows and harrows and are exposed to professionals in horse-powered fields. Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 197D
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 297F
Traditional Herbal Medicine Systems II

An examination of indigenous medicinal systems from around the world to understand the choices of herbal medicines used by traditional healers and the similarities and differences in the approach of treatments. Students will be exposed to a wide range of cultures including Ayurvedic, Chinese, African, Middle Eastern, European, Central Asian, Native American, and Amazonian.
Companion course to STOCKSCH 297C. These courses can be taken in any sequence.
1 credit/spring sem

STOCKSCH 297J
Topics in Herbalism

Introduction to the broad field of herbalism through the eyes of a clinical and community herbalist, a survey course in multiple format (lecture, experiential, indoor, outdoor), topics including historical overview; comparison of major health models of allopathy and holism, introduction to diverse herbal-based health models (Western, Asian, Indigenous), in-depth information on medicinal plants, plant ID, gathering/growing/preparation skills, diverse tools of an herbalist, food as medicine; ethics, politics, and legalities of herbalism.
2 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 297K
Clinical Herbalism II

Study of herbalism in human health through discussions on clinical theory, ethics, and politics associated with herbalism.
1 credit/spring sem

STOCKSCH 297NR
Preserving Food Culture from the Homeland

This class is a Civic Engagement course supported by UMass CESL and partners with Nuestras Raíces, an urban agriculture organization in Holyoke, MA. Classes are held bi-weekly; the course requires four Saturday work days at the Nuestras Raices Farm. Enrollment is by application only. For application information, contact cesl@umass.edu.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
2 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 297PD
Permaculture  Design and Practice

This course offers students a deepened practice in permaculture design process and techniques; includes in-class lectures, field trips, design studio and a hands-on field component. The course culminates with students completing their own permaculture design for a site in the Pioneer Valley.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 197G or consent of instructor
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 297T
Alternative Medicine for Animals and Humans

Description unavailable.
1 credit/fall sem

STOCKSCH 297V
Organic Vegetable Production

Focus on organic insect, disease, and weed control, greenhouse production and construction, irrigation practices, planting and fertility, harvesting and marketing techniques, as well as how to manage money, people and natural resources.
Continuing & Professional Education (CPE). Online class.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 297W
Herbal Approaches to Women’s Health

Use of medicinal herbs and foods for health and well being through all stages of a woman’s life. Introduction to basic medicine making, anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system.
2 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 298
Practicum

Pre-professional work experience related to some area of the equine, food crops, or green industries.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 298G
Gardenshare Practicum

Student-led practicum experience utilizing a plot of land on campus to grow edible and ornamental crops. Specific garden activities depend on the season of the year. Students may enroll more than once for credit. Mandatory Pass/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: consent of program coordinator
1 credit/both sem

STOCKSCH 300
Deciduous Orchards Science

With lab. Principles and practices involved in the establishment and management of deciduous orchards.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently) or basic botany course
3 credits/fall sem/odd yrs

STOCKSCH 302
Equine Facility Management II

Continuation of STOCKSCH 252. Capstone experience will focus on improvements and efficiency of the operation, weekly evaluation of strengths and weaknesses, client feedback, and marketing of the business. End of semester student presentations of a business plan, financial statement and recommendations.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 252; Equine Management majors only
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 305
Small Fruit Production

With lab. Principles and practices governing the establishment and management of small fruit plantings.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently) or basic botany course
3 credits/fall sem/even yrs

STOCKSCH 310
Principles of Weed Management

With lab. History of weed control; importance of weeds and their relationship to people and the environment; ecology of weeds, competition, persistence and survival mechanisms; reproduction, seed germination, and dormancy; methods of weed control, cultural, biological, chemical, and integrated pest management strategies; classification of herbicides and their selectivity; soil factors affecting herbicide performance, persistence and degradation; application equipment and calibration of sprayers; weed management systems for various crops and non-crop areas.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 315
Greenhouse Management

With lab. Introduction to the greenhouse environment and the technology used in production of greenhouse crops. Greenhouse experiments in crop production; exercises on greenhouse structures, heating and cooling, growing media, crop nutrition, photoperiod control and lighting, and crop scheduling; field trip to local greenhouses.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently) or 100-level biology course
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 321
Environmental Physiology and Biology of Fall Greenhouse Crops

With lab. Greenhouse culture of seasonal crops, stressing modern concepts of production and management.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 108 or BIOLOGY 103, and STOCKSCH 315
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 325
Vegetable Production

With lab. Principles of sustainable production of vegetable crops. Topics include specific practices used for the major vegetable crops grown in New England, water and soil fertility management, season extenders, and crop rotation. Course intended for students who want to grow vegetable crops or work in the vegetable industry.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or plant science course
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 326
Insect Biology

With optional lab and field trips. How insects solve their problems of maintenance, survival, reproduction, etc., and how entomologists apply this knowledge in managing them. Other topics include insect evolution, plant and insect interactions, biodiversity and conservation of insects, behavior, and insect pest management. Emphasis on various insect models (e.g., Drosophila) as they relate to major research in biology.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 335
Environmental  Physiology and Biology of Spring Greenhouse Crops

With lab. Greenhouse culture of spring greenhouse crops.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 315 and STOCKSCH 321
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 340
Advanced Turfgrass Management

Management of environmental stress in turfgrass. Special practices in managing high-quality turfgrass areas such as golf courses, athletic fields, and ornamental areas.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 275 with minimum grade of C
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 342
Pesticides, Public Policy and the Environment

Current issues associated with pesticide use; includes discussion of role of pesticides in agriculture, public health, and other related areas; fate of pesticides in the environment; and public perception of pesticides. Case studies examine benefits and risks of pesticide use; environmental cancer; and role of media and public interest groups in pesticide decisions. Alternatives to current heavy reliance on chemical technology in pest control. Current and pending federal, state, and local legislation.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 344
Theory and Methods of Equitation Instruction

Preparation for riding instructor certification. Knowledge and skills applicable to instructing a group of riders, including theory and practice.
Prerequisites: two semesters of Equitation Lessons; Equine Management majors only
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 350
Sustainable Soil and Crop Management

With lab. Maintenance and enhancement of long-term productivity and sustainability of soil in food and feed production. Students will gain an integrated knowledge of soil and crop influences on cropping systems. Lab includes several farm visits, farmer and student presentations.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 105 or consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 370
Tropical Agriculture

Tropical regions of the world, their environment and classification; influence of climate, population, and socio-economic conditions on agriculture; major crops and cropping systems of sub-humid tropics; introduction to dry land agriculture; importance of rainfall and irrigation on productivity; green revolution; desertification; present and future research needs of region, and state of agricultural technology.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 375
Soil and Water Conservation

With lab. Soil management and control of water and wind erosion. Environmental aspects of soil and water conservation. Discussion of cropping and tilling systems and their effect on soil loss. Principles of soil drainage and irrigation for agricultural and engineering practices.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 105 or equivalent
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 379
Agricultural Systems Thinking

An opportunity to learn and practice systems thinking tools to deepen the understanding of complex food and farming systems and integrate the learning acquired from discipline-focused courses. Satisfies the Integrative Experience requirement for BS Sustainable Food and Farming majors.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 265 or consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 382
Writing for Sustainability

Satisfies the Junior Year Writing requirement for BS Sustainable Food and Farming majors. Practice and improve writing while clarifying career goals and improving professional communication skills.
Prerequisites: ENGLISH 120 or ENGLWRIT 112, and STOCKSCH 265
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 385
Biotechnology  Laboratory

The methodology fundamental to the practice of modern biotechnology is presented. Techniques include establishment and manipulation of plant and animal cell cultures, preparation and analysis of DNA and RNA, production of recombinant protein expression vectors, isolation and characterization of proteins, and use of immunoassays. Major emphasis on student’s performance of laboratory exercises that provide direct experience with each of the techniques mentioned.
Meets with ANIMLSCI 385 and MICROBIO 385.
Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 101, BIOLOGY 190H or BIOLOGY 197FH
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 390VO
Vocational Agricultural Education Seminar

This course is designed to prepare individuals for their first teaching assignment. Characteristics of an effective teacher will be identified; tools required by first-year teachers to be successful will be featured. Focus will be on techniques for establishing effective classroom routines and procedures, student instruction and assessment, and for maintaining a positive classroom/shop climate that conveys high expectations. Students will be able to identify the elements of a course/program curriculum and learn how to develop a lesson plan, assign and grade homework, and collaborate with colleagues to improve instruction, assessment, and student achievement.
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 391B
Turfgrass Science and Management

A practical review of key subjects in turfgrass science and management. Specifically designed to prepare students for National Collegiate Turf Bowl competitions in the areas of golf course and sports turf management. Students from across the country participate in these annual competitions to gain recognition for their university’s turf programs and to network with industry professionals. Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105, STOCKSCH 107, STOCKSCH 240 and STOCKSCH 275
1 credit/fall sem

STOCKSCH 396
Independent Study

Upper-level project for students who have completed introductory courses in biology/botany, soils and/or entomology, and at least two mid-level STOCKSCH courses.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 396E
Independent Study-EQMGT

Upper-level independent work project with a faculty member related to some area of equine management.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 397AE
Agricultural Ecology
Overview of the ecological principles related to agricultural ecosystems, and to the ways these principles work in modern industrialized, traditional, and alternative agricultural systems. Students will evaluate the sustainability of agricultural ecosystems.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 100 or STOCKSCH 108 or BIOLOGY 151 or consent of instructor
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 397C
Community Food Systems

With lab. Understanding the movement of food from the grower to the consumer. Emphasis on how consumers get access to food from emergency and non-emergency sources. Direct marketing, Community Supported Agriculture (CSA), farmers’ markets, and small-scale farming discussed. Outside speakers from area community food banks, CSAs, non-profit organizations, faith communities, soup kitchens, and farmers’ markets lead discussions on various topics related to food access. A Service Learning course.
3 credits/fall sem/odd yrs

STOCKSCH 397GF
Global Food Systems
This course covers social aspects of the agri-food systems as well as the political economy of food, agriculture and sustainability. From rural development to the controversy of GMOs, from land conservation to the politics of globalization, from local food systems to global food justice, students use interdisciplinary perspectives to comprehend, analyze and visualize improved global and local food systems.
Continuing & Professional Education (CPE). Online class.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 397P
Food Justice and Policy

With lab. Examines the role of policy and politics in determining what we eat, who experiences barriers to access safe, healthy foods, and how we create equity and sustainability in our food system.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 265
3 credits/fall sem/even yrs

STOCKSCH 397PB
Pollinator Biology and Habitat

This course will focus on knowledge and skills pertaining to pollinator biology and habitat, encourage interest and application of pollinator biology and habitat objectives, and support development and creative use of acquired knowledge and skills for creative agricultural and ecological sustainability.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Food and Farming majors only or consent of instructor
1 credit/fall sem

STOCKSCH 397PP
Introductory Plant Physiology

Basic aspects of water relations and mineral nutrition in plants, plant biochemistry including photosynthesis, respiration and synthesis of important compounds, topics in plant growth and development such as growth regulators, photomorphogenesis  and photoperiodism, and environmental physiology.
Prerequisites: CHEM 110 or CHEM 111, and any introductory plant science course
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 398
Practicum

Internship or other pre-professional work experience in the field of plant and soil sciences. Prerequisite course work in plant biology, soil science, and at least two mid-level STOCKSCH courses required.
Prerequisite: consent of faculty advisor
1-12 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 398E
Farm Enterprise Practicum

Guided practicum experience providing students with practical experience in growing crops, as well as managing and marketing these crops in support of their educational goals. Students will develop, use and evaluate crop plans, including all aspects of production and marketing. Practical experience in management of soil fertility, water, and pests using IPM and organic methods. Weekly seminar and field work participation required. Enrollment limited.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105 and STOCKSCH 325, junior standing, and consent of instructor
3-6 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 398G
Greenhouse Practicum

Practicum focusing on greenhouse venting and temperature control, maintaining outdoor gardens, harvesting of floricultural crops, post-harvest handling of floricultural crops, fertilization, propagation (by seed, cuttings, division), greenhouse maintenance, operation of greenhouse equipment (fertilizer injector).
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1 credit/both sem

STOCKSCH 398T
Turf Practicum

Internship or other pre-professional work experience in the field of turfgrass management, including but not limited to golf course management, athletic field maintenance, and professional lawn care.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 230 and consent of faculty advisor
1-12 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 445
Equine Stud Farm Management

With lab. Physiological basis and regulation of equine reproduction. Emphasis on application to horse breeding and management. Lab experience with breeding techniques.
Prerequisite: ANIMLSCI 220 or STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 496
Independent Study

Research or other independent upper-level project in plant and soil sciences. Student must have completed course work in plant biology, soil science, chemistry, and at least one upper-level STOCKSCH course.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 497
Equine Diseases and Health Management

Emphasis on topics such as wound care, vaccination, dental care, feed programs, lameness detection, parasite control, and breeding programs.
Prerequisite: ANIMLSCI 220 or STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 498
Practicum

Internship or other pre-professional work experience in the field of plant and soil sciences.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-12 credits/both sem

STOCKSCH 498E
Farm Enterprise Practicum II
Continuation of guided practicum experience (STOCKSCH 398E), with students maintaining crops planted in the Spring semester and preparing fields for winter. Students will harvest, clean, store
and market their crops. Participation in weekly seminar required. Written report required covering all
aspects of the production and marketing components of target crops and presentation of results/recommendations to the group.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 398E and permission of instructor
1-6 credits/fall sem

General Plant Pathology
With lab. Causes, nature, and control of plant diseases. Diagnosis of plant diseases. Mechanisms, biochemistry, and genetics of plant disease induction, development, and control.
Prerequisite: MICROBIO 310 or STOCKSCH 108 or STOCKSCH 397PP or 100-level biology course or permission of instructor
4 credits/fall sem


STOCKSCH 510
Management and Ecology of Plant Diseases
The ecology of plant, microbe, and human interactions in plant diseases, from wilderness to industrial farms. Epidemics, traditional farming, environmental impacts and sustainability issues. Ways in which agriculture, particularly plant production and plant disease management, change ecosystems. Independent project.
Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 151 or equivalent
3 credits/spring sem/odd yrs

STOCKSCH 515
Microbiology of the Soil
Microbial processes in the soil and sediment environment; ecology of the various microbial communities; decomposition of organic matter, carbon transformation, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus and other mineral transformations. Chemistry of these reactions and their biogeochemical implications. Biological equilibrium, the rhizosphere, and microbial associations.
Prerequisites: CHEM 250 or CHEM 261 and basic biology and organic chemistry courses
3-4 credits/fall sem


STOCKSCH 520
Physiology of Crop Yield
Physiology of crop plants, carbon fixation, partitioning, growth and development, competition in crops, environmental factors and yield relationships of crops.
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 523
Plant Stress Physiology
An advanced course focusing on plant responses to major abiotic stresses. Current research topics in stress physiology will be discussed.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 397PP or BIOLOGY 510
3 credits/fall sem


STOCKSCH 525
Mycology
Biology, ecology, classification and identification of fungi and fungal-like organisms. Includes consideration of fungi as causes of diseases in animals, humans, and plants, and their uses in biotechnology applications.
Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 151
4 credits/fall sem/odd yrs

STOCKSCH 530
Plant Nutrition
With lab. The acquisition, translocation, distribution, and function of the essential inorganic elements in plants. Genetic control of plant nutrition and ecological adaptation to nutritional variables. Diagnosis of plant nutritional disorders.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105 and CHEM 110 or CHEM 111 or equivalent
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 535
Diagnostic Plant Pathology
Methods of diagnosing plant diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes, and abiotic agents considered using specimens collected by students.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 505
4 credits/spring sem/odd yrs


STOCKSCH 545
Postharvest Biology
The basic biochemical and physiological processes occurring in fruits, vegetables, and flowers after harvest; postharvest treatments to modify these processes.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 397PP and CHEM 110 or CHEM 111
4 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 550
Plant Growth Regulators in Agriculture
The influence of naturally occurring plant hormones on regulating physiology, growth, and development in plants. Uses and potential uses of synthetic plant growth regulators, cultural techniques, and horticultural practices to improve the production of food, fiber and ornamental plants.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course; STOCKSCH 397PP recommended
3 credits/spring sem


STOCKSCH 555
Urban Plant Biology
Identification and discussion of environmental stress factors that affect growth and success of plants. Emphasis will be placed on ornamental plants, trees, shrubs, and turf in urban/suburban environments. Criteria will be developed to fit plants to various types of urban sites, depending on
site characteristics. Plant response to light, temperature, water, salt and other soil pollutants, soil
compaction, and air pollutants will be considered as well as mechanisms of tolerance or avoidance. Lectures plus one field trip.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 108 or plant biology course; STOCKSCH 397PP strongly recommended
3 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 560
Weed Science
Ecological concepts in weed management; historical and ecological perspectives. Weed-crop competition and allelopathy; reproductive strategy; seed dormancy, seed production, allocation of resources in perennial weeds. Physiology and biochemistry of herbicides in plants and their relationships with the soil environment.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 310 or permission of instructor
3 credits/spring sem/odd yrs


STOCKSCH 570
Soil Physics
Physical properties of soils and how they relate to water and solute movement in hydrologic systems, energy exchange, plant-soil-water relations, environmental problems, and soil-water management. Prerequisites: basic courses in math, chemistry, and physics, or permission of instructor
3 credits

Environmental  Soil Chemistry
Fundamental chemical concepts/processes  in soils, such as ion exchange, precipitation/dissolution, redox reactions, partitioning and adsorption, and solution speciation and nature of soil minerals and organic matter. Computer models used to examine current environmental, agricultural, and engineering problems. Examination of how chemical processes affect fate, transport, availability, and remediation of trace elements, heavy metals and organic contaminants in soils and sediments. Discussion on current environmental issues and problems.
Prerequisites: CHEM 110 or CHEM 111 or permission of instructor; STOCKSCH 105 strongly recommended
4 credits/fall sem

STOCKSCH 580
Soil Fertility
The role of mineral elements in the growth of plants; plant response to fertilizers and other soil amendments; soil reaction, mineral deficiencies and toxicities; environmental impact of soil fertility management practices.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105 and CHEM 110 or CHEM 111 or equivalent
3 credits/spring sem


STOCKSCH 585
Inorganic Contaminants  in Soil, Water, and Sediment
Physical, chemical, and biological factors affecting the fate and transport of inorganic contaminants (including heavy metals) in soil, water and sediment. Sources, chemistry, pedogenic and geochemical behavior of these contaminants and methods used for their analysis. Risk assessment, and remediation technologies, options, and goals.
Prerequisites: CHEM 111 and CHEM 112, knowledge of college algebra, basic soil science, and
transition metal chemistry, or permission of instructor
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 590B
Project Development in Sustainable Food and Farming
Introduction to the process of developing a professional project in the area of sustainable food and farming. Requires synthesis and integration of knowledge and experience, and the application of theory and principles in a situation that approximates professional practice.Results in a research paper and poster that provide a culminating experience for seniors or an introduction to research for new graduate students.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 265 and STOCKSCH 382; Sustainable Food and Farming majors only
3 credits/spring sem


STOCKSCH 597A Phyto/Bioremediation
Various aspects of phytoremediation  - the use of plants (both natural hyper-accumulators  and transgenic) and their associated microbes with the purpose of environmental clean-up of contaminated soil, sediments and water. Various strategies for phytoremediation  of a wide range of toxic pollutants, both organic and elemental, with a special emphasis on toxic metals will be discussed.
Prerequisite: BIOLOGY 151 or STOCKSCH 397PP or plant biology course
3 credits/fall sem/even yrs

STOCKSCH 597C Plant Nutrition
Additional discussion period to enhance student learning in STOCKSCH 530. Review and discussion of laboratory exercises and problem sets for STOCKSCH 530. Instruction for writing scientific journal articles and abstracts. Review of current journal literature related to plant nutrition.
Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in STOCKSCH 530
1 credit/fall sem

STOCKSCH 597ED
Educational Integration of Agricultural Science and Technology
This course assists agricultural educators strengthen their content knowledge and integrate progressive agricultural practices into their curriculum. Two class meetings and choice of four full-day content area workshops required.
3 credits/summer


STOCKSCH 597M
Topics in Turf Pathology
Review and discussion of concepts and issues related with turfgrass diseases. Reading of scientific papers and trade journals required each week. Guest speakers from turfgrass industry present many of the topics and lead subsequent class discussion.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 505
3 credits/spring sem

STOCKSCH 597SA Sustainable Aquaculture
The full breadth of aquaculture is covered with a focus on finfish culture, including species and
system selection, such as cage and pond systems as well as technologically advanced recirculating systems. Fish lifecycle from reproductive traits, to larval rearing, growth and nutrition, and harvest are included. Continuing & Professional Education (CPE). Online class.
3 credits/summer


STOCKSCH 597V
Integrated Turf Management
This capstone course stresses concepts of Integrated Pest Management and reviews stress management and pest management strategies. Students will develop an IPM plan for a turf setting. Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 107, STOCKSCH 310, STOCKSCH 340 and STOCKSCH 505
3 credits/spring sem


STOCKSCH 597W
Artificial Treatment of Wetlands
Aquatic plant selection, sizing, and design techniques. Pollution parameters of primary concern include BOD, suspended solids, nutrients, heavy metals, pathogens, and organics. Treatment applications include primary and secondary effluents and sludges; storm water and agricultural runoff; solid and hazardous waste leachates, liquid industrial wastes. Field trips, student projects. Prerequisites: college algebra, introductory chemistry, introductory physics, biology or permission of instructor
3 credits/fall sem