Below is a list of courses offered at the Stockbridge School of Agriculture. These courses are updated annually; please refer to the most recent Student Handbook for more information and confirmation.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (Stockbridge School of Agriculture)

Insects & Related Forms
STOCKSCH 101. With lab. Introduction to insect recognition, development, damage, and control. Seven-week course;  rst 7 weeks of the semester.
2 credits/spring sem

Plant Nutrients
STOCKSCH 104. Functions of mineral nutrients in plants, effects of mineral de ciencies, and sources of these nutrients to prevent or alleviate de ciencies in crop production. Seven-week course;  rst 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 105
2 credits/spring sem

Soils
STOCKSCH 105. With lab. Interrelationship of soils and higher plants. Physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. Practical approach to current problems through basic soil principles. Prerequisite: some knowledge of chemistry
4 credits/fall sem

Turfgrass Insects
STOCKSCH 107. Principles and practical methods of controlling turf insect pests. Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 101 (may be taken concurrently)
2 credits/spring sem

Introductory Botany
STOCKSCH 108. With lab. This introductory botany course covers the unique features of plants, how they function, how they are categorized, and how they  t into the ecosystem. Topics include classi cation of plants, analysis of cell structure and various plant tissues and organs, and study of sexual and asexual reproduction as well as structure and function of plant systems. In addition, students will develop a basic understanding of the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
4 credits/fall sem

Insects of Ornamentals
STOCKSCH 109. With lab. The recognition, biology, and control of major insect and mite pests attacking shade trees and woody ornamentals in the northeastern U.S. Emphasis on techniques and knowledge useful to the professional in tree care.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 101
3 credits/fall sem

Introductory Plant Pathology
STOCKSCH 111. Applied introduction to plant pathology in horticultural crops. Identi cation, description, and management of diseases in modern horticultural production. Chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic controls and their integration. Seven-week course;  rst 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course
2 credits/spring sem

Turfgrass Pathology Lab
STOCKSCH 112. With lab. Diagnosis and management of turfgrass diseases. Diagnosis techniques and appropriate cultural, chemical, genetic, and biological management strategies. Seven-week course; last 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 111; Turfgrass Management majors only
2 credits/spring sem

Introductory Plant Pathology Lab
STOCKSCH 113. With lab. A  eld laboratory on the diagnosis and management of the health problems of woody plants. Students learn to recognize the major plant diseases of trees and shrubs using plant materials on campus. Disease management options presented on an individual basis in a clinical context.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 111
2 credits/fall sem

Organic Farming and Gardening
STOCKSCH 120. With lab. Introduction to principles of soil fertility and crop management by organic procedures which are contrasted and evaluated against conventional chemical methods of farming.
4 credits/both sem

Equine Anatomy & Physiology
STOCKSCH 121. With lab. Integration of gross structural and organ anatomy to physiological systems, function, and regulation. Emphasis on relationship of structure to function and system control in both animals and humans.
4 credits/fall sem 26

Fundamental Stable Management I
STOCKSCH 131. With lab. First in a four course equine management series. Introduction to understanding the  nancial responsibilities and fundamental practices of a commercial and professional equine riding, training and instruction facility.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only
4 credits/fall sem

Beginning Equitation I
STOCKSCH 150. For those with no previous riding experience or formal instruction. Grooming, bridling, and saddling and other basic stable skills; walk, trot (sitting and rising), and canter. Basic riding theory introduced.
Prerequisites: consent of instructor; $880 riding fee payable only by money order
1 credit/spring sem

Beginning Equitation II
STOCKSCH 151. Position at the basic paces more fully developed; work without stirrups, elementary jumping. Riding theory and horsemanship discussed and developed.
Prerequisites: consent of instructor; $880 riding fee payable only by money order
1 credit/both sem

Intermediate Equitation I
STOCKSCH 152. The balance seat positions at all basic paces with and without stirrups. Jumping skills developed over low fences and gymnastics. Basic school  gures and theory as it pertains to horsemanship, dressage, and combined training.
Prerequisites: previous formal instruction; consent of instructor; $880 riding fee payable only by money order
1 credit/both sem

Advanced Equitation
STOCKSCH 154. Dressage, cross country, and stadium jumping more fully developed. Emphasis on development of feel for the horse and becoming a more effective rider.
Prerequisites: consent of instructor; $880 riding fee payable only by money order
1 credit/both sem

Special Problems in Riding
STOCKSCH 155. Introduction to riding theory and the training scale for basic and advanced training of horse and rider in various disciplines.
Prerequisites: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor; $880 riding fee payable only by money order
1 credit/both sem

Pesticide Certi cation
STOCKSCH 170. Independent preparation for the state pesticide certi cation exam and licensure. The State Pesticide Exam Study Manual is used and available for purchase either online or at the UMass Extension Bookstore. Exams are given at various times throughout the state. Students must apply to take the exam; applications must be submitted by the deadline date (one week prior to the exam). Refer to www.mass.gov/agr/pesticides or call 617-626-1785 for dates of Massachusetts exams.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1 credit/both sem

Principles of Pesticide Management
STOCKSCH 182. Topics include state and federal pesticide laws and regulations, pesticides and the environment, handling and storage of pesticides, classes and formulations of pesticides, safety and application equipment, understanding the pesticide label, toxicity, proper calculation and mixing of pesticides, and history of pesticide use. Includes preparation for the Massachusetts Pesticide Core Exam.
2 credits/spring sem

First Year Seminar
STOCKSCH 192F. An overview course designed to provide students with information, opportunities, and skills to ease their transition into college and build a successful foundation necessary to reach their educational goals.
Prerequisite: Stockbridge freshmen only
1 credit/fall sem

Independent Study
STOCKSCH 196. Independent work with a faculty member related to some area of the equine, food crops, and green industries.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor and program coordinator
1-6 credits/both sem

Independent Study-EQMGT
STOCKSCH 196E. Independent work related to some area of equine management. Prerequisites: Equine Management majors only; consent of instructor and program coordinator 1-6 credits/both sem

Equine Behavior & Learning Theory
STOCKSCH 197E. Focus on behavioral mechanisms involved with human and horse interaction and a model of training based on equine behavior, ecology and learning theory. Exploration of welfare consequences of training and competing with horses involved in different disciplines.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only
3 credits/fall sem

Sustainable Food & Farming Internship
STOCKSCH 198F. Required of all students majoring in Sustainable Food and Farming. Three or  ve month internship in the speci c  eld of study. Submission of reports required. Prerequisite: Sustainable Food and Farming majors only
3-4 credits/spring sem

Sustainable Horticulture Internship
STOCKSCH 198G. Required of all students majoring in Sustainable Horticulture. Three-month internship in the speci c  eld of study. Submission of reports required.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Horticulture majors only
3 credits/spring sem

Turfgrass Internship
STOCKSCH 198T. Required of all students majoring in Turfgrass Management. Three-month internship in the speci c  eld of study. Submission of reports required.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 230 with minimum grade of “C”; Turfgrass Management majors only
3 credits/spring sem 28

Equine Internship
STOCKSCH 198Y. Required of all students majoring in Equine Management. Practical farm or related business experience in equine industries. Minimum eight-week internship as approved in advance by program director. Written report required.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only
2-3 credits/spring sem

Plant Propagation
STOCKSCH 200. With lab. The basic principles and techniques for propagating plants by both sexual and asexual means, including seeds, cuttings, bulbs, and tissue culture. The hormonal and physiological factors affecting rooting, seed dormancy, grafting, budding, and layering. Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course
3 credits/fall sem

Equipment Operations
STOCKSCH 201. Introduction to the selection, operation, safety and maintenance of farm tractors and equipment. Lectures and hands-on experience with emphasis on farm machinery used to operate an equine facility.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
2 credits/spring sem

Fundamental Stable Management II
STOCKSCH 203. With lab. A continuation of STOCKSCH 131. Topics include equine health, personnel management, time management, client communication, liability, contracts, and insurance information required for successful barn operation.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 131 and either STOCKSCH 161 or STOCKSCH 197E; Equine Management majors only
4 credits/spring sem

Pasture Management
STOCKSCH 211. With lab. Potential of pasture to provide nutritional needs of livestock and the integration of well-managed pasture systems can contribute signi cantly to the sustainability of the farm. Major topics include a review of major forage species selection, grazing management, establishment of new pastures, and pasture renovation.
3 credits/fall sem

Equine Lecture Series
STOCKSCH 213. Introduction to a wide range of professionals within the equine industry (e.g. horse trainers, stable owners, business/investors, researchers, feed companies, and veterinarians). Participation in scheduled lectures given by equine professionals. Lectures will be offered in the evening and will be open to the public. Weekly meetings with the instructor will be required.
2 credits/fall sem

Introductory Turfgrass Management
STOCKSCH 230. With lab. Basic principles of selecting and managing turfgrass for home lawns, parks, golf courses, and other turf areas. Topics include: climatic adaptation, grass identi cation, establishment practices, pest control, fertility, environmental stresses, etc.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105 and STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently)
4 credits/fall sem

Equine Nutrition
STOCKSCH 231. Principles of nutrition and the development of rations. Emphasis on the nutrient requirements and nutrient content of feeds.
3 credits/fall sem

Turf Machinery
STOCKSCH 232. Principles of engines and machinery operation, maintenance, selection, and minor repair. Turf equipment emphasized. Instruction on how to train operators of equipment. Budgeting for equipment. Seven-week course; last 7 weeks of the semester.
1 credit/spring sem

Irrigation & Drainage
STOCKSCH 234. Principles of hydraulics and system design for turf and landscapes with an emphasis on golf courses. Irrigation systems, equipment performance, installation practices, operation procedures and troubleshooting. Drainage of sports turf also included.
2 credits/spring sem

Pruning Fruit Crops
STOCKSCH 235. With lab. Theory and practice of pruning deciduous fruit plants/trees. Emphasis on practical, hands-on experience.
2 credits/spring sem

Equine Business
STOCKSCH 237. Students will gain a working knowledge of the format, construction, use and analysis of the cash  ow statement from which the balance sheet and income statements can be derived. Inputs for income and expense will deal speci cally with the equine industry and its individual considerations.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
3 credits/spring sem/odd yrs

Applied Calculations in Turf Management
STOCKSCH 240. Calculations involving area and volume measurements, fertilizer and pesticide requirements, cost analysis, seed calculations, irrigation calculations, and calculations relating to spreader and sprayer calibrations.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 230 with minimum grade of “C”
2 credits/spring sem

Breaking & Training the Horse
STOCKSCH 241. Basic training techniques. The methodology and psychology of training horses. Includes halter breaking, lunging, driving, breaking the horse to ride.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 161 or STOCKSCH 197E and two semesters of Equitation lessons; Equine Management majors only; consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

Horse Breeds, Type & Selection
STOCKSCH 247. The history and development of the breeds and their present day type, conformation, and use. Emphasis on the importance of anatomy and conformation and the relationship of form to function. A systematic approach to selection.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/spring sem 30

Equine Facility Management I
STOCKSCH 252. Management and operation of the Stockbridge Stables at the Hadley Farm. Development of cash  ow statements, purchasing and ordering of supplies, delegation and supervision of labor, and appropriate client communication. Required weekly meetings and student committee assignments.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 203 and STOCKSCH 237; Equine Management majors only
4 credits/fall sem

Herbaceous Plants
STOCKSCH 255. Study and identi cation of herbaceous plants; their uses as ornamental plants for home, park, and business.
Prerequisite: Stockbridge students only
3 credits/spring sem

Management of the Equine Athlete
STOCKSCH 257. Focus will be on the care and management of the equine athlete. Conditioning and prevention of injury, common areas of breakdown within different sports, diagnosis of injury/ lameness, as well as different modalities currently available for treatment and rehabilitation.
4 credits/spring sem/even yrs

Growing Plants Indoors
STOCKSCH 260. Introduction to the indoor culture of tropical plants and other species. Arti cial lighting, acclimatization, moisture requirements, soils and nutrition, and diagnosing plant problems. Information applicable to professional indoor plant maintenance, retail marketing, and growing plants in the home. Seven-week course; last 7 weeks of the semester.
Prerequisite: Stockbridge students only
2 credits/spring sem

Sustainable Agriculture
STOCKSCH 265. With lab. Exploration of ethical, practical and scienti c aspects of agricultural sustainability, including economic, social and environmental impacts of food and farming. Uses systems thinking tools to compare industrial and ecological agriculture.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Food and Farming majors only or consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

Turfgrass Physiology & Ecology
STOCKSCH 275. First half of the semester: an introduction to basic concepts in agricultural chemistry as related to the growth and culture of turf grasses. Second half of the semester: the overall growth and development of grasses, including such areas as soil fertility and mineral nutrition. Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 230 with minimum grade of “C”
3 credits/spring sem

Herbs, Spices, & Medicinal Plants
STOCKSCH 280. With lab. Introduction to the growth, culture, and science related to the production and use of herbs, spices, and medicinal plants. Emphasis on plants used in the home; discussion of bioactivity of plant extracts. Practice in seeding, growing, oil extraction, and utilization of these plants.
4 credits/spring sem

Organic Weed Control
STOCKSCH 290W. Focus on organic weed control by exploring various systems and approaches to weed management to reduce losses to crop yield and quality.
3 credits/spring sem

Independent Study
STOCKSCH 296. Sophomore-level educational project with a faculty member related to some area of the equine, food crops, or green industries.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

Independent Study-EQMGT
STOCKSCH 296E. Sophomore-level independent work related to some area of equine management.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

Stockbridge School Teaching Experience
STOCKSCH 296T. Students gain experience in teaching introductory level (100-200) courses. Students will be expected to demonstrate speci c competencies related to labs and assisting students; lead review sessions; gain experience in all aspects of teaching a Stockbridge School class. Prerequisites: successful completion of the course and related prerequisites in which the student plans to TA; consent of instructor
1-2 credits/both sem

Practicum
STOCKSCH 298. Pre-professional work experience related to some area of the equine, food crops, or green industries.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

Advanced Breaking, Training & Driving the Horse
STOCKSCH 298E. Advanced methodology and psychology of training horses.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 241 and three semesters of equine lessons and consent of instructor 3 credits/spring sem

Deciduous Orchards Science
STOCKSCH 300. With lab. Principles and practices involved in the establishment and management of deciduous orchards.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently) or basic botany course suggested
3 credits/fall sem/odd yrs

Equine Facility Management II
STOCKSCH 302. Continuation of STOCKSCH 252. Focus on improvements and ef ciency of the operation, weekly evaluation of strengths and weaknesses, client feedback, and marketing of the business. Student presentations of  nancial statement at end of semester.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 252; Equine Management majors only
4 credits/spring sem
32

Small Fruit Production
STOCKSCH 305. With lab. Principles and practices governing the establishment and management of small fruit plantings.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently) or basic botany course suggested
3 credits/fall sem/even yrs

Principles of Weed Management
STOCKSCH 310. With lab. History of weed control; importance of weeds and their relationship to people and the environment; ecology of weeds, competition, persistence and survival mechanisms; reproduction, seed germination, and dormancy; methods of weed control, cultural, biological, chemical, and integrated pest management strategies; classi cation of herbicides and their selectivity; soil factors affecting herbicide performance, persistence and degradation; application equipment and calibration of sprayers; weed management systems for various crops and non-crop areas.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 108 or 100-level biology course
3 credits/fall sem

Greenhouse Management
STOCKSCH 315. With lab. Introduction to the greenhouse environment and the technology used in production of greenhouse crops. Greenhouse experiments in crop production; exercises on greenhouse structures, heating and cooling, growing media, crop nutrition, photoperiod control and lighting, and crop scheduling;  eld trip to local greenhouses.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 108 (may be taken concurrently); Sustainable Food & Farming and Sustainable Horticulture majors only or consent of instructor
4 credits/fall sem

Organic Vegetable Production
STOCKSCH 320. Focus on organic insect, disease, and weed control, greenhouse production and construction, irrigation practices, planting and fertility, harvesting and marketing techniques, as well as how to manage money, people and natural resources.
Prerequisite: Sustainable Food & Farming majors only
3 credits/spring sem

Insect Biology
STOCKSCH 326. With optional lab and  eld trips. How insects solve their problems of maintenance, survival, reproduction, etc., and how entomologists apply this knowledge in managing them. Other topics include insect evolution, plant and insect interactions, biodiversity and conservation of insects, behavior, and insect pest management. Emphasis on various insect models (e.g., Drosophila) as they relate to major research in biology.
3 credits/fall sem

Principles and Practices of Greenhouse Cultivation
STOCKSCH 335. With lab. Greenhouse culture of spring greenhouse crops. Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 108; Sustainable Horticulture majors only
4 credits/spring sem

Advanced Turfgrass Management
STOCKSCH 340. Management of environmental stress in turfgrass. Special practices in managing high-quality turfgrass areas such as golf courses, athletic  elds, and ornamental areas. Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 275 with minimum grade of “C”
3 credits/spring sem

Theory & Methods of Equitation Instruction
STOCKSCH 344. Preparation for riding instructor certi cation. Knowledge and skills applicable to instructing a group of riders, including theory and practice.
Prerequisites: two semesters of Equitation Lessons; Equine Management majors only
3 credits/spring sem

Sustainable Soil and Crop Management
STOCKSCH 350. With lab. Maintenance and enhancement of long-term productivity and sustainability of soil in food and feed production. Students will gain an integrated knowledge of soil and crop in uences on cropping systems. Lab includes several farm visits, farmer and student presentations.
Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 105 or consent of instructor
3 credits/fall sem

Landscape Plant Production
STOCKSCH 360. With lab. Cultural practices of  eld and container production; how these practices and environmental factors in uence nursery crop growth and development. Topics include: site selection, planting and spacing, mineral nutrition, harvesting, irrigation practices, pest management, and overwintering. Basic economic management of nursery crops production and marketing reviewed.
Prerequisites: STOCKSCH 105; SUSTCOMM 335 highly recommended
4 credits/fall sem

Tropical Agriculture
STOCKSCH 370. Tropical regions of the world, their environment and classi cation; in uence of climate, population, and socio-economic conditions on agriculture; major crops and cropping systems of sub-humid tropics; introduction to dry land agriculture; importance of rainfall and irrigation on productivity; green revolution; deserti cation; present and future research needs of region, and state of agricultural technology.
3 credits/spring sem

Independent Study
STOCKSCH 396. Upper-level project for students who have completed introductory courses in biology/botany, soils and/or entomology.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

Independent Study-EQMGT
STOCKSCH 396E. Upper-level independent work project with a faculty member related to some area of equine management.
Prerequisite: Equine Management majors only or consent of instructor
1-6 credits/both sem

Sustainable Grape Production
STOCKSCH 397VP. With lab. Exploration of grape origins, domestication, and fundamental principles of grape growing, both domestically and globally. Practices speci c to the winter, such as pruning, will be included. Seven-week course;  rst 7 weeks of the semester.
2 credits/spring sem

Greenhouse Practicum
STOCKSCH 398G. Focus on greenhouse venting and temperature control, maintaining outdoor gardens, harvesting of  oricultural crops, post-harvest handling of  oricultural crops, fertilization, propagation (by seed, cuttings, division), greenhouse maintenance, operation of greenhouse equipment (fertilizer injector).
Prerequisite: consent of instructor
1 credit/both sem

Practice Teaching Equitation
STOCKSCH 442. Students plan, direct, and teach Beginning Equitation under faculty supervision. Prerequisite: STOCKSCH 344
3 credits/fall sem

Equine Stud Farm Management
STOCKSCH 445. Physiological basis and regulation of equine reproduction. Emphasis on application to horse breeding and management.
Prerequisite: ANIMLSCI 220 or STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/spring sem

Equine Diseases & Health Management
STOCKSCH 497A. Emphasis on topics such as wound care, vaccination, dental care, feed programs, lameness detection, parasite control, and breeding programs.
Prerequisite: ANIMLSCI 220 or STOCKSCH 121
3 credits/fall sem